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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 51-55

Scientific insights in the preparation and characterization of a traditionally prepared Vanga Bhasma by three methods

Department of Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Sri Sai Ayurvedic Medical College, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manjiri Anil Ranade
Department of Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Sri Sai Ayurvedic Medical College, Staff quarter no. F3/2, Sri Sai Ayurvedic Medical College Campus, Sarsol, GT road, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202002
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jahas.jahas_5_23

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Introduction: Jarana and Marana processes are mentioned for making Bhasma in metals having low melting point such as Naga, Vanga, and Yashada. No research work was done stating the physiochemical and elemental changes happening after Jarana, as well as Ariloha (Haratala) marita and Parda marita Vanga Bhasma (VB). The present study deals with the preparation of VB by three different methods and physiochemical analysis at each stage of preparation. Materials and Methods: Three types of test drugs Vanaspati jarita VB (VB-A), Vanaspati Jarita, Haralal Marita VB (VB-B), and Parada, Haratal Marita VB (VB-C), were prepared as per the guidelines of pharmaceutics of Ayurveda. Discussion and Results: The organoleptic characters of the raw, shodhit, Jarita Vanga, and VB were then studied, followed by the elemental assay, and the changes in the elemental constituents were compared and studied with the elemental constituents of Asuddha Vanga, Shodhit Vanga, and VB (Haratal and Parada marita). Rekhapurnata was found after Jaran stage, and it increased after Maran process. VB-B and -C passed all the classical organoleptic parameters. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy research shows Sn and O as main ingredients, and Hg was present in VB-C. All of the Bhasma samples included Fe, Pt, and Si. Conclusion: Despite being smooth to the touch and devoid of heavy metals, Jarita vanga does not satisfy all the standards of classical Bhasma parikshas. For a patient’s safe consumption, VB made using the Putapaka method may be recommended. VB prepared using any of these techniques could produce nanoparticle-sized particles.

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